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# Protection Riddle No.19 – Interposing VT in synchronising circuit

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• #220
GUEST

the interposing VTs are used for incoming and running busses in synchronising scheme why these two VTs are used? what are advantages?

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• #1447
Hamid

Voltage transformer secondary circuits used for synchronizing are sometimes more difficult to arrange to meet the requirement of removal of a ground on one circuit not interfering with the grounds on other circuits because many circuits converge at the synchronizing scope. Several examples are given to illustrate the problem and to suggest solutions. Figure 1 include multiple incoming circuits. Note the 25SS switch contact in the incoming circuits’ neutrals. Since only one 25SS switch is operated at a time, the incoming circuit neutrals are isolated from each other and multiple grounds are not caused by the scope circuit. The running circuit neutral does not need to be switched with this arrangement. If the same scope is used for more than one running circuit, then additional contacts on the 25SS switch are required to switch the running circuit neutrals as shown in Fig 2. An alternative to using 25SS switch contacts to switch the running and incoming neutrals is the use of isolation transformers as shown in Fig 3. These isolation transformers are usually rated 11 5 – 1 15 volt, 600 volt class, and sufficient volt-ampere capacity for the scope (and synchronizing lights, if used). Note that the addition of the lights requires that the running and incoming neutrals be connected together (jumper on scope) resulting in two grounds on the neutral circuits. Device 25 contacts in the neutrals eliminate the influence of multiple grounds on other voltage circuits’ burdens except during the relatively brief periods when synchronizing is being done. Normally, this should be satisfactory. If, however, normal ground potential differences are such to cause errors in the scope and synchronizing light indications, then isolation transformers can be used as shown in Fig 3.

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